Calls to regulate large technology companies are now omnipresent. Not a day goes by without a mainstream media article or a prominent politician calling to reign in the so-called infamous GAFAM (Google, Apple, Facebook, Amazon and Microsoft). It seems the golden days of Silicon Valley, during which startups were overwhelmingly perceived as a boon to society and the economy, are now long past.

The year 2018 undoubtedly marked a turning point, as the population’s general optimism towards the tech industry, if not naivete, was lost. In the aftermath of the American Presidential Election that saw Donald J. Trump elected, it…


Entretien avec Benjamin Piouffle, créateur de CaptainFact, une initiative citoyenne soutenue par OpenCollective Paris.

Pourrais-tu nous expliquer ce qu’est CaptainFact ?

Il est d’abord important de parler du contexte dans lequel le projet s’ancre. Vous avez sûrement déjà remarqué, sur Internet les fausses informations sont beaucoup plus partagées que les démentis. Il y a plusieurs raisons. L’une d’elle, c’est que les outils sociaux d’aujourd’hui — comme Facebook ou Twitter — sont articulés pour faciliter le partage d’émotions. Les contenus qui suscitent de l’engagement sont ceux qui provoquent de la révolte ou de la peine, par exemple. Cela a changé beaucoup de choses dans notre manière d’échanger sur Internet.

Sans juger si cela est négatif ou pas, si l’on veut avoir des…


What does the future of warfare look like? What are some real-world AI applications? Can startups challenge legacy armaments providers? What will the People say about all of this?

Arnold Schwarzenegger in The Terminator (1984) by James Cameron

Trends and Context: What’s going on?

The face of war and state security is changing rapidly. Technological advancements are pushing the boundaries of what was once imaginable. As a result, governments around the world, and in particular the United States, are investing massively in the development these new technologies to warfare. This is nothing new however, since the military has always been at forefront of innovation. It has enabled the discovery of important technologies, which are now being used in everyday consumer products, such as the internet, microchips or touchscreens. …


After startups and tech companies, it’s time for policy makers and legislators to learn about platforms and network effects.

While it has been two years since Platform Revolution came out, essentially an eternity in tech, many of the lessons distilled in it resonate truer than ever. So you may be wondering who should be reading this book and why? By now, most in the private sector , particularly tech companies, startups, and VCs firms, are fully aware of the power of network effects, and have been for a while.

But we tend to forget that another important group of people should also probably be taking an interest in platforms: policy makers. These new frameworks are not just disrupting business…


We don’t need rule-breaking tech founders anymore, and yet they don’t seem able or willing to change. Where do we go from here?

‘This new faith has emerged from a bizarre fusion of the cultural bohemianism of San Francisco with the hi-tech industries of Silicon Valley. Promoted in magazines, books, TV programmes, websites, newsgroups and Net conferences, the Californian Ideology promiscuously combines the free-wheeling spirit of the hippies and the entrepreneurial zeal of the yuppies. This amalgamation of opposites has been achieved through a profound faith in the emancipatory potential of the new information technologies. In the digital utopia, everybody will be both hip and rich.’ The Californian Ideology, Richard Barbrook and Andy Cameron (1995)

Twenty-three years have passed since the writing of…

Victor Cartier

Founder @ BundleHQ; MPP, Specialisation Tech @ SciencesPo

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